There has been an explosion of new genetic, biochemical, and cell biologic techniques. Appropriate systems biology tools are needed to facilitate integration of genotyping information, mRNA expression, microRNA expression, promoter analysis, proteome expression, and metabolome profiles in order to identify key biological processes and their interactions. In addition to better computational tools, a deeper understanding ...more »
Metabolic control alone does not predict an individual’s risk for diabetic complications. Family studies suggest that genetic factors play an important role in the predisposition for a specific type of complication and its progression. In addition to more classic genetics, research in this area has expanded to epigenetics and non-coding RNA. Epigenetic marks include modifications to the DNA or chromatin that do not ...more »
MicroRNAs are short ribonucleotides that bind to messenger RNA to modify protein translation or promote RNA degradation. Knowledge of the function and regulation of miRNA is rapidly expanding. They appear to be sensitive to the extracellular environment and could be important regulators of a cell’s response to diabetes. Can miRNA signatures detect early signs of DN? Can knowledge of miRNA signatures be translated ...more »
At the current time, we only have RAAS blockade and hypertension control to slow progression to ESRD. What mechanisms should be targeted to slow progression (loss of GFR) in diabetic nephropathy?